Prostate cancer is the most popular male cancer in the United States. Prostate cancer occurs in the male reproductive system involving male prostate gland, for this reason, this cancer can only occur in males.

Anatomically, the prostate gland is located between the bladder and rectum. Prostate itself physiologically responsible for the production of seminal fluid.


Early symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often ignored, usually, it is often without symptoms, therefore prostate cancer is most commonly found in men age fifty-year and most often diagnosed in their seventies. Any kind of disorders in prostate gland will cause pain, especially when urinating, as well as the erectile dysfunction.

Examination and Diagnosis

The diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or with a blood test named PSA, PSA blood test or Prostate Specific Antigen is the antigen if it contained in a person’s blood, the doctor will suspect him suffer prostate cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will be confirmed by taking a tissue biopsy.

Prostate Cancer Treatment Options

There are two options for prostate cancer treatment, using radiation or surgical procedures. Prostate cancer can be treated with radiation therapy, by using X-rays to kill cancer cells.
Prostate cancer can also be removed by a surgery called radical prostatectomy. Treatment options of Radical prostatectomy performed under general anaesthesia and involve the disposal of the entire prostate gland including the lymph nodes nearby.

Lymph nodes will be checked to see cancer has spread. The risk of prostate cancer spread to other parts of the body, particularly to bone and lymph nodes is very possible.
From this two types of prostate cancer treatment options, the chance for prostate cancer to recur after treatment is fewer with surgical than radiation therapy.

The conclusion is that you should carefully consider the benefits and side effects of both treatments to find the best prostate cancer treatment options that suit you.

Cancer has spread or metastases to the lymph nodes around, then hormone therapy can be given. Androgen is the hormone in men which related with an acceleration of tumour growth. Therefore, androgen restrictions may inhibit growth hormone tumours. Androgens such as testosterone produced in the testis, so that sometimes in therapy, removal of the testes was conducted as part of hormone treatment.

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